Hepatitis at a Glance
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition caused due to viral
infection in the liver. It can either be acute or chronic depending on its
duration. Acute hepatitis lasts for less than 6 months, while chronic hepatitis
lasts for more than 6 months.
The condition is classified in four main types; Hepatitis A,
B, C, and Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH):
Hepatists A: The
infection is caused by hepatitis A virus. It is classified as acute hepatitis/
liver disease, as the condition lasts for no longer than two months. However,
it can be prevented by vaccination and proper hygiene as Hepatitis A spreads
through contaminated food and water.
Hepatitis B: Type
B is also classified as acute hepatitis. However, in severe cases the virus may
lead to long term infection causing liver damage. Hepatitis B spreads through
the body fluids of an infected person.
Hepatitis C: The infection is caused by Hepatitis C virus
and is a chronic condition. It may cause serious complications like liver
failure or liver cancer. The condition spreads by sharing needles or syringes
with infected person; unprotected sex, multiple partners etc. increases the
risk of infection.
hepatitis: The condition is caused
when the body produces antibodies against liver tissue.
Common symptoms of
Diagnosis: Depending on the condition and type
of hepatitis, the physician may ask you to do the following: Blood test, Liver
function test, imaging of liver or biopsy in order to check for liver damage.
Treatment: Vaccination is known
to be the safest option to prevent the infection caused by Hepatitis virus.
However, depending on the type and severity the doctor may recommend the
- Use a condom when you
- Do not share needles
- Wear latex or plastic gloves if you have to
touch blood or other body fluids
- Do not share toothbrushes or razors
- Do not get a tattoo, or make sure that the
needles used have been cleaned properly and are sterile
Stay safe and be protected